Goals are broad and often difficult to measure in an objective sense. They tend to focus on big-picture issues. For example, in a college class on child psychology, a goal might be “Students will learn to appreciate the need for clinical training when dealing with small children.” While such a goal would obviously inform the more specific educational objectives, it is not specific enough to be an objective itself.
Educational objectives are much more specific. They include measurable verbs and criteria for acceptable performance or proficiency regarding a particular subject. For example, “By the end of this unit, students will be able to identify three theorists whose work on child psychology influenced teaching practices in the US.” This is a more specific educational objective, based on the education for the same hypothetical course.
A career is an individual’s metaphorical “journey” through learning, work and other aspects of life. There are a number of ways to define career and the term is used in a variety of ways.
- Objective factor theory assumes that the applicants are rational. The choice, therefore, is exercised after an objective assessment of the tangible benefits of the job. Factors may include the salary, other benefits, location, opportunities for career advancement, etc.
- Subjective factor theory suggests that decision making is dominated by social and psychological factors. The status of the job, the reputation of the organization and other similar factors plays an important role.
- Critical contact theory advances the idea that a candidate’s observations while interacting with the organization plays a vital role in decision making. For example, how the recruiter keeps in touch with the candidate, the promptness of response and similar factors are important. This theory is more valid for experienced professionals.
When writing an educational objective, there are three characteristics that you need to focus on. These help you effectively communicate the intent of your class and teaching style.
- Performance is the first characteristic. An object should always state what your students are expected to be able to do by the end of a unit or class.
- Condition is the second characteristic. A good educational objective will outline the conditions under which a student is supposed to perform said task.
- Criterion, the third characteristic, outlines how well a student must perform. That is, the specific expectations that need to be met for their performance to be passing.
- For example, say you are teaching a nursing class. A good educational objective would be “By the end of this course, students will be able to draw blood, in typical hospital settings, within a 2 to 3 minute timeframe.” This outlines the performance, drawing blood, the conditions, typical hospital settings, and the criterion, the task being performed in 2 to 3 minutes.
Bloom’s Taxonomy is usually used when writing educational objectives.
The first level is knowledge, which is the ability to memorize, recite, and recall previously learned materials.
The second level is comprehension. This means taking the facts you know and demonstrating your understanding through organizing, interpreting, translating, or comparing said facts.
The third level is an application. This means solving problems by applying your knowledge to a variety of situations.
The fourth level is analysis. This means taking the facts you learned and reexamining them so you are able to understand why they are true. You are also expected to find evidence to support new claims or inferences you make during your education.
The fifth level is synthesis. This means organizing information in a new way and discovering new patterns or alternative ideas, solutions, or theories.
The sixth level is an evaluation. This means gaining the ability to present and defend information and make informed judgments about the opinions of others on a given subject.
A resume objective is a statement of your goals for employment, usually listed at the top of your resume. A resume objective is typically one or two sentences long.
The most effective objective is one that is tailored to the job you are applying for. It states what kind of career you are seeking, and what skills and experiences you have that make you ideal for that career. A resume objective might also include where you have been, and where you want to go in your career.
For example, it might state some of your past accomplishments, and then move on to the kinds of accomplishments you hope to achieve in the future (ideally, accomplishments you want to achieve for the company you are applying to work for).
Ultimately, stating an objective is optional, but it can help convince employers that you know what you want and are familiar with the industry.
An alternative to using an objective on your resume is to use a resume profile, also called a resume summary statement or statement of qualifications, which is a brief summary of your skills and experiences written for a specific job opening. Unlike a resume objective, a resume profile focuses directly on how you can benefit and add value to the company, rather than your own career objectives.
Another option is to add a resume branding statement to your resume. This statement is shorter than a resume profile or objective – about 15 words – and it that highlights your key successes and skills.
Finally, a third option is a resume headline, also known as a resume title. This is even shorter than a resume branding statement. It is a phrase that explains your skills and work experience.
- Every job is a part of your career. Some workers spend forty years in the same department at the same company. This is a career in the traditional sense of the word. But my father’s working life was also a career even though his jobs were largely unrelated: landscaper, flight instructor, box salesman. Your career is made up of all your jobs, whether they’re directly connected or not. Each one of them is important.
- Every job offers networking opportunities. You don’t know where life will lead you. You don’t know which co-workers or customers you will meet later and in what context. My brother Tony was our company’s box salesman for many years. Now he runs a firm that manufactures nutritional supplements for animals. He’s constantly drawing on the network of contacts he made while at the box factory in order to gather information about manufacturing, shipping, packaging, and distribution. In many ways, a non-traditional career like Tony’s offers more opportunities to leverage relationships.
Its said, “There are good jobs, and there are bad jobs. And then there are shitty jobs. You should strive to work only at good jobs. Sometimes you’ll have to endure bad in order to meet a greater goal. But you should never put up with a shitty job.”
If you include an objective in your resume, it’s important to customize the resume objective to match the position you are applying for. The more specific you are, the better chance you have of being considered for the job you are interested in. It is a good idea to write a new resume objective for each job you apply for.
When you’re crafting your resume objective, you should focus on particular skills and experiences that are directly related to the job. Another effective strategy is to keywords from the job listing in your resume objective. Not only can this increase the chances of your resume get picked up by a company’s applicant tracking system, but it can also emphasize how your qualifications align with the job listing.
You should also only state career goals that are feasible within the company. For example, if you ultimately want to become a managing editor at a magazine, but you are applying for a job at a newspaper, do not state this. Focus on how you want to grow within the company.
One of the dangers of a resume objective is that you can focus too much on what you want in your career, and not enough on how you will add value to the company. Therefore, while your resume objective should include information on the career that you want, you also want to explain why you are an ideal candidate for the job. Briefly include any information that highlights your experience, including your years in the industry, your particular skill set, and any other qualifications. Include examples of ways you could add value or even improve the company. For example, mention your ten years of successfully reducing budgets, and state that you want to apply these skills to the organization’s budget.
Career success is a term used frequently in academic and popular writing about the career. It refers to the extent and ways in which an individual can be described as successful in his or her working life so far.
Traditionally, career success has often been thought of in terms of earnings and/or status within an occupation or organization. This can be expressed either in absolute terms (e.g. the amount a person earns) or in relative terms (e.g. the amount a person earns compared with their starting salary). Earnings and status are examples of objective criteria of success, where “objective” means that they can be factually verified, and are not purely a matter of opinion.
Many observers argue that careers are less predictable than they once were, due to the fast pace of economic and technological change. This means that career management is more obviously the responsibility of the individual rather than his or her employing organization, because a “job for life” is a thing of the past. This has put more emphasis on subjective criteria of career success. These include job satisfaction, career satisfaction, work-life balance, a sense of personal achievement, and attaining work that is consistent with one’s personal values. A person’s assessment of his or her career success is likely to be influenced by social comparisons, such as how well family members, friends, or contemporaries at school or college have done.
The amount and type of career success a person achieves is affected by several forms of career capital. These include social capital (the extent and depth of personal contacts a person can draw upon), human capital (demonstrable abilities, experiences and qualifications), economic capital (money and other material resources which permit access to career-related resources), and cultural capital (having skills, attitudes or general know-how to operate effectively in a particular social context).